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Theme Treated Animal Adaptations
➤ What is customization?
➤ Customization Types
➤ Animal adjustments in deserts
➤ Adaptations of animals on pastures
➤ Animal adaptations in tropical forests
➤ Animal adaptations in polar regions
What is customization?
Adaptation is a special ability that helps organisms survive in their environment. The adjustments can bePHYSICAL, PHYSIOLOGICAL, ÖBEHAVE. All living beings (including humans) on this planet have adaptations.
Adaptations are influenced by environmental factors, including weather and food availability. Animals have needs such as food, water, shelter and reproduction. To meet these needs, animals adapt to their environment.
types of customization
1. Physical adjustment
Physical adaptations are special body parts, such as shape, skin, and color, that help organisms survive in their natural habitat.
Examples of physical adjustments– The thickness of an animal's fur helps it survive in cold environments. The shape of a bird's beak helps them feed and nest. The camel's long legs, eyelids, and hump are examples of adaptation.
Animals rely on their physical condition to find and eat food, build shelter, protect themselves from predators, and reproduce.
Some more examples of physical customization
You knew...Meerkats have dark circles around their eyes that act like sunglasses, helping them see even in bright sunshine.
"Hummingbirds have long, thin beaks that help them drink nectar from flowers."
"Pelicans have large pocket-shaped beaks for fishing."
"Hawks have hooked beaks to tear their prey apart."
"A giraffe's long neck allows it to reach food sources"
2. Behavior Adjustment
Behavioral adaptation occurs when an animal changes its behavior to survive in the environment. Behavioral adaptations are primarily learned, not inherited.
TIME OF DAYis the property of an organism that is active during the day, duringNIGHTdescribes those who are nocturnal.
Some more examples of behavior modification:
Some geese fly south in the fall to keep warm and find food for the winter. Sloths move very slowly through the trees, making them difficult to spot.
3. Physiological adaptation
Physiological adaptations are metabolic changes in an animal that help it survive.
For example aCobraThe ability to produce venom, a mammal's ability to maintain a constant body temperature, the release of toxins or poisons, the release of antifreeze proteins to prevent freezing in cold environments, etc.
Animal adaptations in deserts.
what is the desertDeserts have a harsh, arid, and arid climate that receives very little rainfall. Desserts can be hot or cold. Most hot deserts are near the equator. Despite all this, deserts are home to various plants and animals.
Animals that live in desert biomes have adaptations that help them survive in harsh weather.
Let's learn how all these animals manage to survive in such an arid environment.
How did camels adapt to the desert?
- Humps to store fat, which a camel breaks down into water and energy when food and water are scarce.
- Two rows of long eyelashes and thick eyebrows protect her from the sand and desert sun.
- The narrow nostrils and fluffy ears also help them keep sand out.
- The thick, hard lips help them harvest dry, thorny desert plants.
- Wide and flat feet so you don't sink into the sand and can walk easily.
- They can go a week or more without water. You can drink up to 32 gallons (46 liters) of water at a time.
- The long legs protect them from the heat of the sand.
- You rarely sweat. Change your body temperature to prevent water loss through sweat.
- They are well camouflaged. Their body color helps them blend into their surroundings.
- The thick fur helps keep them warm at night.
How did turtles adapt to the desert?
The desert tortoise has made many adaptations to its home environment.
- Depending on the temperature, desert tortoises are mainly active during the day.
- They bury themselves under the sand to protect themselves from the intense heat of summer and freezing temperatures while they sleep in winter.
- Desert tortoises have large bladders that can carry extra water.
- When wet, they shed waste and drink extra water to store in their bladders.
- The desert tortoise has adapted to less rain in the desert. To maintain its water intake, the turtle consumes moisture from grasses and flowers.
- Their thick hind legs and flatter front feet help desert tortoises walk easily on sand.
- Turtles can keep their head, feet, and tail inside their shell to protect themselves from predators.
- An adult turtle can survive a year without water.
How did fennec foxes adapt to the desert?
The fennec is the smallest of all the world's foxes, found in the sandy Sahara and other parts of North Africa.
- Their distinctive large ears, typically six inches long, radiate body heat and help keep foxes cool.
- Their long, thick fur insulates them on cold nights and protects them from high temperatures during the day.
- The fennec fox's furry feet serve as safety shoes, protecting it from extremely hot and cold sand.
- From themexcavationmiNightLifestyle helps limit water loss.
- Fox feet are also effective shovels for frequent digging - fennec foxes live in underground burrows.
- The fennec can do without water for a long time. From themflushesThey are adapted to limit water loss, their extensive burrowing can cause dew to form that can be consumed, and they obtain moisture from the food they eat.
How did the kangaroo rat adapt to the desert?
Kangaroo rats have evolved amazing adaptations that help them survive in an extremely arid environment.
- Kangaroo rats are nocturnal, which protects them from the heat during the day.
- Kangaroo rats dig burrows to protect themselves from predators and extreme heat.
- Kangaroo rats get their water from the food they eat. You can extract half a gram of water from every gram of seeds consumed.
- You don't even need water for bathing. Instead, they take a dust bath by rolling in the sand.
- They have large hind legs that allow them to leap nearly 9 feet at a time to avoid predators.
- They have large ears and an extremely good sense of hearing, which allows the mouse to detect approaching predators.
- Kangaroo rats collect seeds and beans at night and store them in their cheeks. This behavior allows them to quickly store additional seeds.
Adaptations of Animals to Pastures.
what is weedThe grassland biome is found on every continent except Antarctica. The largest grasslands are found in East Africa.
Grassland biomes are full of herbs and wildflowers. It rains too little for tall trees to grow like in a forest, but they rain more than in a desert.
Grassland is therefore mostly between deserts and forests.
Meadows are known by different names:Prairies in North America,Asian steppes,savannas and veldts in Africa, Australian meadows,Pampa,plano, miclosed in South America.
Let's learn how some animals manage to survive in the field.
How did the black-footed ferret adapt to grass?
- The black-footed ferret's body color is an adaptation for self-protection. The black footed ferret is difficult to spot when standing still because its body color matches its surroundings.
- Their sharp claws and powerful jaws help them attack and hold their prey.
- Black-footed ferrets have slender bodies with sharp claws and teeth that can dig into the ground. They have many burrows, which helps them escape very easily when attacked by a predator.
- The black-footed ferret's keen sense of smell helps it sniff out prey hidden in burrows.
How did the coyote adapt to herding?
- Coyotes live in North America, from Alaska to Mexico. They have an amazing sense of smell and great eyesight.
- Coyotes also have incredible speeds (up to 40 miles per hour) to evade predators and catch prey.
- Their coat color helps them blend into the many habitats they inhabit.
The coyote's thick fur helps keep it warm during the winter.
- They are nocturnal, meaning they are awake at night and sleep during the day.
Also Read: Plant Adaptations
How did bison adapt to grass?
- Bison have specialized teeth and digestive systems that help break down tough grass.
- Bison only drink water once a day. This adaptation helps them stay away from water sources while grazing. They can eat snow when liquid water is not available.
- Despite their size, they are capable of running up to 30 miles per hour when faced with a threat.
- Bison carry two sharp, curved horns that they use to protect themselves from predators.
Animal adaptations in tropical forests
What is the tropical forest?The tropical rainforest is a hot and humid biome where it rains year-round. It is rich in many species of wildlife and plants. The largest rainforests in the world are in South America, Africa and Southeast Asia.
Let's learn how some animals manage to survive in the rainforest region.
How have sloths adapted to tropical rainforests?
- The sloth moves very slowly, making it difficult for predators to see.
- Interestingly, due to their slow movement, algae grow on their fur, which helps them blend in with the trees.
- They also have three extra bones in their necks that allow them to rotate their heads 270°. This is a very useful adjustment in a world where predators can be above or below them.
- Sloths cannot walk, but they are good swimmers when the forest is flooded.
- They have three extra bones in their necks that help them rotate their heads 270° to look over each shoulder.
- Sloths have arms that are longer than their legs for easy climbing and curved feet for a firm grip on tree branches.
- They eat hard-to-digest leaves, but their complex stomach breaks them down and ferments them easily.
How have toucans adapted to tropical rainforests?
- The toucan has a long, large, narrow but light beak that allows it to reach, collect and cut fruit from the branches, as the toucan only consumes fruit that other animals and even bird species on this level of the forest can eat can't reach. .
- Its beak is made of keratin, which makes it very long and light.
- They tuck their beaks under their wings when they sleep to keep warm.
- The toucan has four toes on each foot, two pointing forward and two pointing backward. This adaptation gives them a better grip on branches and perch points, and they climb a tree easily.
- Its brightly colored feathers help it blend in with its surroundings and avoid predators.
- The toucan's excellent eyesight helps it spot predators long before it spots them, and gives the keel-billed toucan time to take flight and maintain a safe distance from them.
Animal adaptations in the polar region
What are the polar regions?The polar regions, also calledcold zonesThey are the coldest places on earth. There are two main polar regions in the world, the Arctic and Antarctica. The North Pole is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean and the South Pole is in Antarctica.
Animals living in the polar regions must be well adapted to survive in a hostile environment. They usually have a thick layer of fat or fat to keep them warm.
How have polar bears adapted to the polar region?
- Their white fur helps them camouflage themselves in the snowy habitat.
- Polar bears' thick fat and thick fur help keep them warm.
- The polar bear's broad, large, and uneven paws help it walk easily in the snow.
- Polar bears' paws have webbed toes that help them swim well.
- When a polar bear swims, it closes its nostrils; so that no water can penetrate.
They need very high fat food for energy. Polar bears are well adapted to digesting large amounts of fat.
- Food can be difficult for polar bears most of the year, so they reserve most of their annual fat between late April and mid-July.
The polar bear has a keen sense of smell that helps it hunt.
How have arctic wolves adapted to the polar region?
Arctic wolves, sometimes known as thePolarwolfor theWhite WolfThey are animals from the far north. They live all their lives above the northern tree line in the arctic tundra of North America and Greenland.
- Arctic wolves have white fur that helps them blend in with their surroundings.
- Its fur is thicker and longer than that of other subspecies. They can grow to about 6 feet long at most, including the tail.
- Arctic wolves have smaller ears and shorter snouts to contain body heat.
- In winter, these arctic wolves develop a second coat to protect themselves from the harsh conditions.
- They have thick, white fur that protects them from low temperatures.
- The layer of fur closest to the wolf's skin is waterproof. The waterproof coat helps this wolf stay dry and maintain body heat in sub-zero temperatures.
Animal Adaptations - Vocabulary
Body part, body covering, or behavior that helps an animal survive in its environment.
Actions or reactions of an animal in response to something else
A color or shape on an animal's body covering that helps it blend into its surroundings.
Alive but in a dormant state where all body systems are very slow.
Everything that affects and influences a living being. The environment includes non-living things like water and air, as well as other living things.
Place where an animal lives. The physical characteristics of an animal's environment.
Spend the winter in a state of dormancy
Chemical processes that occur in the body cells where energy is produced from food.
The regular passage of groups of animals from one region to another to feed or reproduce.
An adaptation in which a harmless animal resembles a noxious animal to protect itself.
An animal that hunts and eats other animals.
An animal that is taken as food and eaten by another animal (predator).